Institut des
NanoSciences de Paris

Engineering of magnetic refrigeration materials with ion irradiationhin films

The goal of this research topic is to study the interaction between heavy ions and thin films with giant magnetocaloric effect (GMCE) and long-term induced modifications on these samples. GMCE is related to a large variation in entropy associated to a first-order phase transition. Thanks to this large variation in entropy when an external magnetic field is applied, GMCE materials are very interesting for their use in magnetic refrigeration, a new alternative method, more efficient and more environmentally friendly than the commonly used refrigeration methods (see Fig. 1). However, applications are currently limited by two factors : 1) the presence of hysteresis phenomena related to the first-order phase transition, and 2) the difficulty of tuning in a controlled manner the temperature at which the magnetocaloric effect is maximal.

Figure 1
Left : Comparison between a magnetic refrigeration thermal cycle (Brayton cycle) and the gas compression / expansion cycle commonly used. Right : The same cycle represented on the entropy-temperature diagram.

In recent years, we discovered a method to solve these two obstacles based on heavy ion irradiation of these materials. We have been able to demonstrate that it is possible to reduce and even completely and permanently eliminate the hysteresis while preserving the giant magnetocaloric properties of thin films of manganese arsenide (MnAs, Fig. 2). In iron-rhodium films, we have also demonstrated that the transition temperature associated with the GMCE can be modulated simply by adjusting the incident ion fluence on the sample (Fig. 2). By changing the kinetic energy of the ions, other studies are underway to provide precise information on the defects induced by the ion collisions on the samples. Other types of GMCE materials are also being investigated.


Figure 2
Left : suppression of the thermal hysteresis by irradiation of ions in thin layers of MnAs (applied fields of 1 T). Right : Peak of the magnetic entropy corresponding to the application of a 2 T magnetic field on irradiated and reference samples.


Figure 3
Shift of the transition temperature by irradiation of ions in thin layers of FeRh at different fluences.


This topic is developed in collaboration with the ELACOU team (M. Marangolo) of the INSP, the Satie laboratory (M. Lo Bue) and the CNRS / Thales laboratory (V. Garcia). From October 2018, this research will be developed within the HiPerTherMag project.

PhD. theses

2014–17, S. Cervera, Manipulation des propirétés magnétiques de materiaux à effet magnétocalorique géant par impact d’ions lourds


[1] M. Trassinelli, L.B. Carlsson, S. Cervera, M. Eddrief, V.H. Etgens, E.V. Gafton, E. Lacaze, E. Lamour, A. Lévy, S. Macé, C. Prigent, J.P. Rozet, S. Steydli, M. Marangolo, and D. Vernhet, Low energy Ne ion beam induced-modifications of magnetic properties in MnAs thin films, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 29, 055001 (2017)

[2] S. Cervera, M. Trassinelli, M. Marangolo, C. Carrétéro, V. Garcia, S. Hidki, E. Jacquet, E. Lamour, A. Lévy, S. Macé, C. Prigent, J.P. Rozet, S. Steydli, and D. Vernhet, Modulating the phase transition temperature of giant magnetocaloric thin films by ion irradiation, Phys. Rev. Materials 1, 065402 (2017)

[3] E.V. Gafton, G. Bulai, O.F. Caltun, S. Cervera, S. Macé, M. Trassinelli, S. Steydli, and D. Vernhet, Structural and magnetic properties of zinc ferrite thin films irradiated by 90 keV neon ions, App. Surf. Sci. 379, 171-178 (2016)

[4] S. Cervera, M. Trassinelli, M. Marangolo, L.B. Carlsson, M. Eddrief, V.H. Etgens, V. Gafton, S. Hidki, E. Lamour, A. Lévy, S. Macé, C. Prigent, J.P. Rozet, S. Steydli, Y. Zheng, and D. Vernhet, Hints on the origin of the thermal hysteresis suppression in giant magnetocaloric thin films irradiatied with highly charged ions, J. Phys. CS 635, 012028 (2015)

[5] M. Trassinelli, M. Marangolo, M. Eddrief, V.H. Etgens, V. Gafton, S. Hidki, E. Lacaze, E. Lamour, C. Prigent, J.-P. Rozet, S. Steydli, Y. Zheng, and D. Vernhet, Suppression of the thermal hysteresis in magnetocaloric MnAs thin film by highly charged ion bombardment, Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 081906 (2014)

[6] M. Trassinelli, V.E. Gafton, M. Eddrief, V.H. Etgens, S. Hidki, E. Lacaze, E. Lamour, X. Luo, M. Marangolo, J. Mérot, C. Prigent, R. Reuschl, J.P. Rozet, S. Steydli, and D. Vernhet, Magnetic properties of MnAs thin films irradiated with highly charged ions, Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 317, 154-158 (2013)


M. Trassinelli, S. Cervera, D. Vernhet, M. Marangolo, and V. Garcia, Procédé d’obtention d’un matériau à effet magnétocalorique géant par irradiation d’ions. 4 April, 2017